Metabolic Diseases

The three most common metabolic diseases are milk fever, grass staggers and ketosis:

Each of these disorders can happen individually or all at once. They can severely reduce milk production, and may be life-threatening if not treated quickly. That’s why we created our range of injectable and oral metabolics.

Our solutions give cows the minerals and energy (+/- Vitamin B12*) they need to get back in balance, and return to producing lots of milk.

*Calpromag and Calpro 375.

Milk Fever

Caused by low calcium levels in the blood (hypocalcaemia)

Grass staggers

Happens when cows lack magnesium (hypomagnesaemia)

Ketosis

Occurs when cows have low intakes of energy (hypoglycaemia)

Get in touch with us today to find out more

The building blocks

The building blocks of the Elanco range of metabolic solutions are calcium, magnesium, energy, phosphorus and vitamin B12. All are necessary, and work together for healthy metabolic processes. They are interconnected, relying on each other to remain in balance.

Calcium is vital for:
Muscle function, milk production.
Primary disorder:
Milk fever, caused by low calcium levels in the blood (hypocalcaemia).
Risk period:
Typically around calving and early lactation.
Symptoms may include:
Weakness, wobbliness, depression, S-shaped bend in the neck, glassy eyed, dilated pupils, constipation, low temperature, fast but weak heart rate, inability to rise if down.
Treatment options:
Administering calcium borogluconate intravenously. Can be supported with oral calcium supplements.

Magnesium is vital for:
Calcium absorption, the nervous system.
Primary disorder:
Grass staggers, due to a lack of magnesium (hypomagnesaemia).
Risk period:
Extended yarding, bad weather, or when feeding on well fertilised or rapidly growing pasture.
Symptoms may include:
Twitching of the ears, frothing at the mouth, bellowing, muscle tremors and aggression, followed by a spastic gait, incoordination, muscle spasms and finally recumbency.
Treatment options:
Subcutaneous injection of 20% magnesium sulphate followed by oral magnesium oxide or chloride.

Energy is vital for:
All metabolic functions.
Primary disorder:
Ketosis (acetonaemia) occurs when the energy demands of lactation exceed what’s available from the diet.
Risk period:
Typical during the post-calving energy gap
Symptoms may include:
Loss of condition, lack of appetite, grinding of teeth, glazed eyes, sweet sickly odour to breath and milk, may become aggressive.
Treatment options:
A single dose of intravenous 40% dextrose solution combined with twice daily oral propylene glycol.

Phosphorus is vital for:
Strong bones, energy production, growth, cell repair
Primary disorder:
Caused by low phosphorus levels in the blood (hypophosphataemia)
Risk period:
The start of lactation, when feeding fodder beets. Can be related to low calcium.
Symptoms may include:
Can exist without visible signs, or become evident as ill-thrift, muscle weakness, lack of appetite, abnormal licking, pica, and recumbency.
Treatment options:
Oral supplementation of phosphate salts, restoring calcium levels.

Vitamin B12 is vital for:
Converting dietary intake (feed) into a format useful to a cow’s metabolic processes.
Primary disorder:
Cobalt (Vit. B12 precursor) deficiency.
Risk period:
Periods of reduced feed intake or feeding cobalt deficient pasture.
Symptoms may include:
Reduced appetite, reduced milk production and ill-thrift.
Treatment options:
Cyanocobalamin or Hydroxocobalamin (Vitamin B12) as injection.

 

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